What is Project Management in Construction Project

Srinivasan

Administrator
Sep 7, 2017
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1,558
mumbai
What is Project Management in Construction Project
The Project Management is “the art of directing and coordinating human and material resources throughout the life of a project by using modern management techniques to achieve predetermined objectives of scope, cost, time, quality, and participating objectives.” In the case of construction project management.

Construction project management involves the planning, coordination, and control over the various tasks involved in construction projects. This could include different types of construction projects, like agricultural, residential, commercial, institutional, industrial, heavy civil, and environmental.
It typically includes complex tasks that change dramatically from project to project, and requires skills like strong communication, knowledge of the building process, and problem solving.
Construction project managers help ensure the project is tracking along to plan. They manage the project so it finishes on time and on budget, and that their team completes it according to building codes, plans, and specs


The project management covers the following
Project management planning,
Cost management,
Time management
Quality management,
Contract administration and,
Safety management


The Role of a Contractor in Construction Management
Once the design phase has been completed, the project manager will assign contractors to a project through a bidding process. Contractors are chosen using one of three common methods: low-bid selection, best-value selection, or qualifications-based selection.


Construction Project Management Basics
Construction project management is a complex field, requiring knowledge in many different areas like finance, mediation, law, business, and more.
The project owner will share project information to a large group of contractors, general contractors or subcontractors to solicit bids. The process starts with a cost estimate from blueprints and material take-offs, telling the owner how much money he or she should expect to pay in order for the contractor to complete the project.


There are two kinds of bids:
Open bid:

Used for public projects and usually promoted with advertising, an open bid invites all contractors to submit their bid.


Closed bid:
Reserved for private projects, a closed bid is when the owner sends invitations to a select number of contractors so only they are able to submit a bid. Then, once the owner receives all the bids for the project, he or she can select the contractor through a number of ways:
Low-bid selection: This method focuses on the project’s price. Contractors submit their bids with the lowest price they would complete the project for, and the owner chooses the contractor with the lowest one.


Qualifications-based selection:
This selection method picks a contractor solely based on qualifications. The owner will ask for a request for qualifications (RFQ), which gives an overview of each contractor’s experience, management plans, project organization, and budget and schedule performance.


Best-value selection:
Combining both price and qualifications, the owner looks for the contractor with the best cost and best skillset.
And finally, once the owner chooses a contractor, there are four different kinds of payment contracts they can agree upon:


Lump sum:
A lump sum contract is the most common. The contractor and owner agree on the overall cost of the project and the owner is required to pay that amount whether or not the project fails, or if it exceeds the initial price.


Cost-plus-fee:
The owner pays the total cost and a fixed fee percentage of the total cost to the contractor. This is the most beneficial contract for the contractor, since any additional costs will be covered.


Guaranteed maximum price:
The guaranteed maximum price contract is the same as the cost-plus-fee, except there is a set price so the total cost and fee cannot exceed.


Unitprice:
This contract is chosen when both parties are unable to determine the cost ahead of time. The owner provides specific unit price to limit spending.


Business Models for Construction Projects
Design, bid, build contracts: The most popular model of construction management, design, bid, build contracts allow the owner to choose a contractor after the design phase has already been completed by an architect or engineer.


Design-build contracts:
This model is the opposite of the design, bid, build contract. Design-build contracts are when the design and construction phases are completed by the same entity (referred to as the design-builder or the design-build contractor). This model is used to reduce completion date since the design and construction phases can happen at the same time.


Once the bidding process is complete, the construction phase can begin

All project managers should know the five phases of project management

Initiation
At the beginning of the project, you must create and evaluate if the project if feasible and if it should be undertaken. Stakeholders do their due diligence and feasibility testing may occur, if needed. If all parties decide to move forward with the project, a project charter.


Planning
Next, the project team develops a road map for everyone to follow. During this phase, the project manager creates the project management plan , a formal, approved document to guide execution and control. This also documents scope, cost, and schedule baselines. Other documents included in the planning phase include:scope documentation: A document that defines the business need, benefits, objectives, deliverable, and key milestones.

Work breakdown structure (WBS):
A visual representation that breaks down the scope of the project into manageable chunks.
Communication plan: This plan outlines the communication goals and objectives, communication roles, and communication tools and methods. Because everyone has a different way of communicating, the communication plan creates a basic framework to get everyone on the same page and avoid misunderstandings or conflict.


Risk management plan:
This plan helps project managers identify foreseeable risks, including unrealistic time and cost estimates, budget cuts, changing requirements, and lack of committed resources


Execution
This is when the work begins. After a kick-off meeting, the project team begins to assign resources, execute project management plans, set up tracking systems, execute tasks, update the project schedule, and modify the project plan.


Performance and Monitoring
The monitoring phase often happens at the same time as the execution phase. This step is all about measuring progress and performance to ensure that items are tracking with the project management plan.


Closure
This last phase represents project completion. Project managers sometimes hold a post-mortem meeting to evaluate what went well in the project and identify failures. Then, the team creates a project punch list of tasks that didn’t get completed, preepare a final budget, and creates a project report.
 

archdevil

Royal Member
Sep 21, 2017
387
858
India
Sir
First you have to identify the activities involved.considering the resources available with you work out the duratiin needed to complete the activity.analaise the simultenius activity.accordingly you can create yout gant chart.for tge activities involved in cinstruction kindly refer the thread constructiin sequenves.according to your project size edit the construction activity.prepare a bar chart