Disaster Management Plan for various Events

Srinivasan

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Sep 7, 2017
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mumbai
The Disaster Management Plan for various events

FIRE FIGHTING AND EVACUATION PLAN:
In Case of Fire

Where there is a fire alarm
  1. Fire alarm will be acknowledged by main fire control panel at Security Control Room,
  2. Security supervisor will inform the main Security Control Room, Safety Officer and send Security Guards along with Fire Extinguishers to the location of fire.
  3. Security supervisor attending call at Security Control Room will obtain following information from the caller:
    • Caller’s name
    • Location of Fire
    • Type of Fire
  4. Security Supervisor will also inform relevant safety personnel responsible for making call to Fire Brigade to deal with the problem.
Action Plan during Evacuation
Whenever there is a fire alarm, the supervisor, on duty in security / fire control room will make announcement regarding the incident directing people and personnel to take the proper course of action.

For Security Staff during Fire / Evacuation/Mock drills
  1. Ensure uninterrupted power supply and make sure that Inverters and Emergency Lights are functional.
  2. Ensure that smoke extractors are on AUTO mode.
  3. Make sure that there is sufficient quantity of water in UG tank & O/H Fire Tanks.
  4. Ensure that the main sprinkler / hydrant and diesel pumps are functional and there is sufficient water pressure in fire line to deal with the situation.
  5. Ensure that talkback system are functional; also ensure the Clarity of announcement voice that the Emergency & Exit signs are glowing.
  6. Fire elevators should be grounded through fire main switch at the time of emergency.
  7. Monitor the D.G. sets & ensure that tripping does not happen, when the fire pumps are working. Be prepared to start the stand-by D.G. Sets.
  8. Cut-off electrical supply at the effected area, if required.
For Security staff during Fire / Evacuation
  1. Security supervisor will take over Security Control Room operation.
  2. He will sound alarm and make announcement for evacuation, if required.
  3. Security Staff will ensure that each elevator is grounded. They must also help in the safe removal of trapped passenger(s), if any.
  4. Depute security guards as per requirement, such as: one security guard for receiving fire brigade and ensure that fire tender route is FREE.
  5. Ensure that the Security guards deployed at Main Stair-cases, Ramps for fast & safe evacuation.
  6. Open the exit doors for easy movements of occupants and ensure that all the doors are kept fully opened.
  7. Ensure that no crowd is gathered near the door and area has to be kept free from all the obstacles at that time.
  8. Ensure that nobody is permitted to re-enter through the exit doors for any reason, so that ejecting people are not obstructed.
  9. A search team having a torch should look for unconscious people / burnt / disabled / old / children / injured and keep informing the rescue party.
  10. A rescue party having two persons with a stretcher should be employed in case of presence of any casualty / unconsciousness / helpless person, to bring them out to the fire refuse area promptly.
Sign Boards Containing the Following Specific Instructions for the Occupants in Case of Fire to be placed at Prominent Location
  1. Do not use lift-use staircase for going down to ground floor.
  2. It there is heavy smoke, crawl to the main door / staircases; cover your mouth with wet handkerchief.
  3. Operate the nearest fire extinguishers / rubber hose heel provided on each floor.
  4. Don’t be panic. Help other people also to go to open area. Don’t climb upwards.
  5. On reaching ground floor, assemble at one point and ensure that no accompanied persons are missing. In case of any missing, inform the team leader / building in-charge.

Do’s and Don’ts in case of Fire
Properly display of a tabulated list which broadly indicates Do’s and Don’ts for everybody to assist in combating fire:
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Precautions / Fire Precautions Measures to be followed
  • Keep all fire-fighting appliances clear from any obstruction.
  • Don’t store anything in fire escape route, staircase and fire refuse area, entrance and exit door should not be locked / bolted.
  • Good housekeeping, periodical maintenance of electrical equipment's.
  • Keep total load below the design capacity.
  • Don’t store inflammable material in large quantity.
  • Put-off all lighted cigarette, bidi, match-stick, candle, lamp or any naked light, before leaving the place.
  • Switch off all electrical equipment's and gas cylinder, when not in use.
  • Don’t store any material up to ceiling height and material should be stored three feet away from electrical points.
  • Don’t use sub-standard material / equipment's and get installed from qualified licensed technician only the fixtures and fittings.
  • Clean gas stove after use.

BOMB THREAT &EVACUATION PLAN
Evacuation Procedures

The floor/area for which, the threat has been received will be evacuated in an orderly and organized manner. Under no circumstances panic is to be allowed. It would be preferable to get the ladies and sick persons or disabled persons including customers / visitors / shopkeepers and their employees / AUTHORISED Staff.

Search Procedures
  1. Search will be carried out by AUTHORIZED trained staff / experts.
  2. If any article lying in any common area, staircases, toilets, services areas unattended, is suspected and it will be carefully searched / handled. Any article, which does not below to the property / common area / services area and is noticed, that will be segregated as it may be BOMB.
  3. Suspected article should not be allowed to be touched / handled by anybody, except the bomb disposal squad.
  4. In case of suspected article is found, Police Authority along with the bomb disposal squad will handle the situation. Remaining floors of the building will be evacuated, as per the above procedure laid.
  5. If no suspected article is found after detailed search, it is safe to presume and inform that the call was HOAX CALL and thereafter normal functioning of the complex could commence.

EARTHQUAKE AND EVACUATION PLAN

As per seismic zoning, the proposed project comes under zone 3 of the seismic map of India. Strengthening of building structures during designing and construction to withstand the impact of high intensity earthquake will be done as a preventive measure.

Action before an earthquake

  1. Keep a torch and a portable transistor radio handy.
  2. Arrange your property in such a way that it is possible to move easily, keep corridor clear of furniture / toys / belongings etc.
  3. Ensure gas cylinder, flower pots etc. are secured to the extent possible. In case of piped gas system close the control valve when not in use.
  4. Place heavy and bulky objects on the floor or on the lowest shelves.
  5. Turn off the electricity, water and gas supply in the property, when not in use.
Actions during an Earthquake (if you are inside the building)
  1. Keep self and others calm
  2. Do not rush to doors or exit.
  3. Never use lifts
  4. Keep well away from windows, mirrors, chimneys and loose articles / furniture
  5. Protect yourself by staying under the rental of an inner door, in the corner of a room, under a table or even under a bed.
Actions after an Earthquake
  1. Keep calm
  2. Switch on the transistor / radio, television and obey any instructions, you hear on the radio / television
  3. Expect after shocks
  4. Do not smoke and do not light matches or use a cigarette lighter.
  5. Do not turn on switches because, there may be gas leaks or short-circuits
  6. If there is a fire, try to put it out. If you cannot, call the fire brigade.
  7. If people are seriously injured, do not move them unless they are in location.
  8. Do not enter badly damaged buildings.
  9. Do not go near damaged structures.

IN CASE OF LPG LEAKAGE:

Immediate Action

  • Take immediate steps to stop LPG leakage/fire and raise alarm simultaneously
  • Stop all operations and ensure closure of all isolation valves
  • As LPG fires develop and spread quickly, so all out efforts should be made to contain the spread of leakage./fire
  • Plant personnel without any specified duties should assemble at the nominated place.
  • All vehicles except those that are required for emergency use should be moved away from the operating area in an orderly manner at pre nominated route
  • Electrical system except the lighting and fire fighting system should be isolated
  • If the feed to the fire cannot be cut off, the fire must be controlled and not extinguished.
  • Starts water spray system in the areas involved in or exposed to fire risks.
  • In case of leakage of LPG without fire and inability to stop the flow, take all precaution to avoid source of ignition.
  • Block all roads in the adjacent area and enlist police support for he purpose, if warranted

Action in the Event of fire:
  • Basic actions will be as detailed above.
  • Extinguishing fire: a small fire at a point of leakage should be extinguished by enveloping with a water spray of a suitable smothering agent such as CO2 or DCP. However, LPG fire should not, unless under exceptional circumstances, be extinguished until the escape of product has been stopped. If escaping vapor cannot be stopped, water should be directed at the point of leakage to assist rapid dispersion. Ensure that static charge is not generated in the LPG vapor clouded- solid jets of water into the cloud should be avoided. Fog nozzles should be used instead.
  • Fire fighting personnel working in or close to un-ignited vapor clouds or close to fire, must be protected continuously by water sprays. Fire fighter should advance towards the fire downwind if possible.
  • In case the only valve that can be used to stop the leakage is surrounded by fire, it may be possible to close it manually. The person attempting the closure should be continuously protected by water sprays, fire entry suit, water jet blanket etc. The person must be equipped with a safety belt and a manned lifeline. In case of rapid increase in decibel level or lifting sound from a relief valve, evacuate the area as there would have been over pressurization.
Leakage from a LPG pipeline or vessel without fire
  1. Cordon off the area around 30 meters radius so that no vehicle or source of ignition approach the area. Attempt to close the control manual valve.
  2. Try to transfer LPG into another vessel if possible.
  3. Avoid getting entrapped in the cloud vapor.
  4. Water sprays should be used to disperse the vapor cloud.
  5. Warn the surrounding areas to put off all naked flames.

The various provisions for disaster management can be summarized as:

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