Why we use 150 mm size cube for compressive strength testing

Dnyan Deshmukh

Eternal Member
Staff member
Sep 7, 2017
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3,855
Pune
Why we use 150mm size cube for compressive strength testing.
Hi all civil engineer,

when i was in collage i wonder that all constructions site have the cube size of 150mm x 150mm x 150mm.

I checked in the IS code but in that also they never says that u use 150mm cubes, you can use any size cube for testing of compressive stregnth.



Max construction site have the cube testing machine of capacity 100 ton / 1000kn. and our compressive strength calculation is load / area i.e.- n/mm2

If the loading area increases the load for crushing or load at which it fails also increases.

if you are checking M30 concrete and you requires min. comp strength of 33n/mm2 and the size of cube is 150mm then the load required to get this much strength is 742.5 Kn. if you use cube of size 300mm the load require becomes 2970 kn, this is practically not possible as to crush the cube u require 3000kn/300 ton capacity machine. When the applied load is much more the additional safety factors need to be increase because when cube fails under such loads may hit anything in room with bullet speed.

Also casting of this size cube and handling is not easy.

for feasibility, safety and ease of work we use 150mm size cubes.

if you have a machine with less capacity and load to crush the cube is more than the capacity of machine you can reduce the size of cube further to 100mm.

This you can do when you go for high grade concretes M50 and above and your machine capacity is 100 ton.
 

kamesh

Newbie
Sep 9, 2017
1
5
150 mm is the ideal size for cube making. It is big enough to take coarse grains of 20 mm size and small enough to be handled easily.

If the cube is too big, handling will be difficult. Also, the load required to test will be much higher which is another problem.

If cube is too small, we won’t get true strength due to large coarse grain present in concrete which create anisotropy in concrete.

150 mm is roughly half foot, so it is good round number to use.

But we use other cube sizes for different specific purposes like we test 100 mm cubes for concrete made of 10 mm coarse grain material. Also, we test 400 mm size cubes for concrete used in airports.

Apart from cubes, we use cylinders too for concrete testing.
 

Namadev Patil

Apprentice
Sep 23, 2017
12
6
banglore
Why we use 150mm size cube for compressive strength testing.
Hi all civil engineer,

when i was in collage i wonder that all constructions site have the cube size of 150mm x 150mm x 150mm.

I checked in the IS code but in that also they never says that u use 150mm cubes, you can use any size cube for testing of compressive stregnth.



Max construction site have the cube testing machine of capacity 100 ton / 1000kn. and our compressive strength calculation is load / area i.e.- n/mm2

If the loading area increases the load for crushing or load at which it fails also increases.

if you are checking M30 concrete and you requires min. comp strength of 33n/mm2 and the size of cube is 150mm then the load required to get this much strength is 742.5 Kn. if you use cube of size 300mm the load require becomes 2970 kn, this is practically not possible as to crush the cube u require 3000kn/300 ton capacity machine. When the applied load is much more the additional safety factors need to be increase because when cube fails under such loads may hit anything in room with bullet speed.

Also casting of this size cube and handling is not easy.

for feasibility, safety and ease of work we use 150mm size cubes.

if you have a machine with less capacity and load to crush the cube is more than the capacity of machine you can reduce the size of cube further to 100mm.

This you can do when you go for high grade concretes M50 and above and your machine capacity is 100 ton.
Very useful information
 
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palanisamy engineer

Junior Member
Nov 13, 2017
24
7
chennai
Is all this a
150 mm is the ideal size for cube making. It is big enough to take coarse grains of 20 mm size and small enough to be handled easily.

If the cube is too big, handling will be difficult. Also, the load required to test will be much higher which is another problem.

If cube is too small, we won’t get true strength due to large coarse grain present in concrete which create anisotropy in concrete.

150 mm is roughly half foot, so it is good round number to use.

But we use other cube sizes for different specific purposes like we test 100 mm cubes for concrete made of 10 mm coarse grain material. Also, we test 400 mm size cubes for concrete used in airports.

Apart from cubes, we use cylinders too for concrete testing.
Is all this crt?
 
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Reactions: msansari

palanisamy engineer

Junior Member
Nov 13, 2017
24
7
chennai
Nice information sir thank you

Why we use 150mm size cube for compressive strength testing.
Hi all civil engineer,

when i was in collage i wonder that all constructions site have the cube size of 150mm x 150mm x 150mm.

I checked in the IS code but in that also they never says that u use 150mm cubes, you can use any size cube for testing of compressive stregnth.



Max construction site have the cube testing machine of capacity 100 ton / 1000kn. and our compressive strength calculation is load / area i.e.- n/mm2

If the loading area increases the load for crushing or load at which it fails also increases.

if you are checking M30 concrete and you requires min. comp strength of 33n/mm2 and the size of cube is 150mm then the load required to get this much strength is 742.5 Kn. if you use cube of size 300mm the load require becomes 2970 kn, this is practically not possible as to crush the cube u require 3000kn/300 ton capacity machine. When the applied load is much more the additional safety factors need to be increase because when cube fails under such loads may hit anything in room with bullet speed.

Also casting of this size cube and handling is not easy.

for feasibility, safety and ease of work we use 150mm size cubes.

if you have a machine with less capacity and load to crush the cube is more than the capacity of machine you can reduce the size of cube further to 100mm.

This you can do when you go for high grade concretes M50 and above and your machine capacity is 100 ton.